Environment Agency, River Soar


The city of Leicester has built up over centuries along the wide and flat River Soar valley, close to the head of the river’s catchment area. With the ground rising steeply to the east and west, a number of waterways flow rapidly into the Soar through heavily populated areas. This topograhic layout makes Leicester particularly vulnerable to flooding following heavy downpours or prolonged periods of rain. Conventional flood defences have already been constructed within Leicester’s urban areas to protect homes and businesses. But with climate change increasing the frequency and severity of flooding, policy makers and practitioners are looking for new, sustainable solutions. The Environment Agency is working closely with Trent Rivers Trust, farmers and other partner organisations to deliver small-scale natural flood management (NFM) schemes which store water and reduce flood risk downstream. Several schemes have already been built in the Willow Brook catchment, and their effectiveness is being monitored.

Project brief

In 2019, the Environmental Agency commissioned Ecosulis – as a leading UK practitioner of habitat restoration and natural flood management (NFM) – to co-design and implement a pilot project at three sites along the River Soar upstream from Leicester, in Enderby, Narborough and Croft. British engineering and design consultancy Atkins was commissioned as lead designer. Factors considered included current land usage, invasive species, public utilities, public interface and traffic management. The overall aim of the project was to demonstrate the significant and scalable potential of NFM. The idea was to show that working with nature upstream, often at quite a limited scale, can make a dramatic difference to what happens downstream and in built-up areas around rivers, mitigating flood risk and benefitting businesses and communities enormously.




manage Biodiversity

The nature recovery report suggested a wide range of site-specific measures that could be taken by Bradford on Avon’s stakeholders to enhance biodiversity – from the installation of bird and bat boxes to the elimination of pesticides and a reduction in grazing pressure.

Protect Habitats

Bradford on Avon contains a range of habitats – from the River Avon and riverside areas through to ancient woodland and agricultural land. Proposed measures in the nature recovery report would enhance these areas for the benefit of both people and wildlife.

empower-us-to-act People

Recovering nature in and around Bradford on Avon would benefit the town’s residents and visitors in a variety of ways, from improved health and wellbeing to enhanced opportunities for recreation and business.

How we added value.

Natural flood management

NFM work included the creation of wetland features such as new pools and reedbeds, floodplain bunds to slow the flow within the floodplain, and in-channel features such as leaky dams and woody barriers. These green engineering options hold back water flow and spread it onto the floodplain when river levels are high. The overrall aim of the NFM solutions implemented at all three sites below was to mitigate flood risk, while simultaneously creating biodiversity-rich green spaces to support wildlife and help local communities connect with wild nature.


Work here was undertaken within the SSSI of Narborough Bog, which regularly floods with heavy rainfall. The aim was to slow the River Soar as it passes through the woodland. A large tree was felled across the river, while leaky dams were created by lying brash and cord logs across the site’s withy bed system, together with a number of large trees. An Oxbow pool was also bunded with a leaky dam structure constructed with trees and brash. All dam structures were secured using natural materials such as chestnut or other hardwood stakes and jute rope (the stakes were treated to increase their life expectancy in a wet woodland habitat).


Work undertaken included the establishment of a site compound, installation of 400 metres of aluminium trackway, and the excavation and removal from the site of 1000m3 of top and subsoils. This was a challenging site, with the river rising and flooding the work area on multiple occasions, necessitating the constant pumping of water to aid excavations. Work also had to respect the archaeology of the area, with an ancient bridge crossing the old river course and the possibility of finds during excavation. 


Work here included the excavation of 1100m3 of top and subsoils to form a pond and bund area and the planting of 440 wetland trees, including three species of willow and alder. As per Enderby, work also had to respect the archaeology of the area, due to the close proximity of an iron age fort and other archaeological concerns. The site was also located within 250 metres of a great crested newt (GCN) pond – the topsoil strip was undertaken under a Natural England GCN licence, which saw the use of a sniffer dog and watching brief to hand search the excavation area before any work began.

The construction of the bund used mostly compacted topsoil. This was covered  with compacted subsoil, then a natural jute geotextile, and then topped with more subsoil. It was then seeded with a wildflower mixture which had already started to germinate. Much like Enderby, the site suffered from regular flooding, as well as landowner and access issues. Work was also halted between March and August 2020 due to Covid-19.

Nature-based solutions

Exemplified by NFM, nature-based solutions can help us address some of society’s greatest challenges, from climate change and coastal erosion through to crop stabilisation and wildfire mitigation. Much of our work at Ecosulis already focuses on the restoration of landscapes and wild nature, which brings a range of sustainable benefits for both clients and wider society. 

Want to learn more about rewilding and nature recovery?

Read more insights or explore our previous work.

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